Crypto Economy- How Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, and Token-Economy Are Disrupting the Financial World provides the definitive blueprint for understanding how Bitcoin, Blockchain, and other digital technologies are disrupting traditional financial institutions and forever changing the world of commerce.
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Author: Aries Wang
Download link: At the end of the post
by Kevin Barry, CEO of Myntum Limited
“Nothing is more powerful than an idea whose time has come.” —Victor Hugo
We are at a turning point in worldwide financial transactions. Who will embrace change and who will be left behind? Decentralization, trust, privacy, and democratization of financial transactions are all ideas whose time has come. Blockchain technology will certainly drive these ideas over the next few years; the question is: Where will this happen? Some governments will embrace the technology of the future and others will resist, steadfastly clinging to the status quo. Who wins and who loses?
In Crypto Economy: How Cryptocurrency, Blockchain, and Token Economy Are Disrupting the Financial World, Aries Wanlin Wang expertly describes how this revolutionary new economy will function. As an insider who cofounded exchanges and has functioned successfully in the crypto economy over many years, he is the ultimate guide to this sometimes confusing new economy. Readers will no doubt benefit from his perspective and understanding of the concerns and motives of the people who make the economy work.
Through my varied professional experiences, I have insight into the concerns and motivations of various nations and regulators to this new technology. As a representative of a Nongovernmental Organization (NGO) at the United Nations in New York City, I have heard the concerns of technology and information ministers from multiple countries all around the world. I am formerly an attorney for the United States government, so I have insight into how government regulators react when faced with new technologies. I am also the CEO of a startup company called Myntum Limited, which is building online vaults to secure critical digital assets (including cryptocurrencies and tokens). For this reason, I have been closely following developments in the crypto economy for the past two years. Finally, I am the founder of a nonprofit organization called First Freedoms, which advances the five freedoms listed in the First Amendment to the United States Constitution (freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, and redress of grievances). What is the link between the First Amendment and crypto economy?
Both have their foundation in freedom. In the late 18th century, the ideas and ideals of the First Amendment became part of the bedrock of the US’s emphasis on individual freedom. Now is the time for the ideas and ideals of blockchain and the crypto economy. And yet there are still questions that remain, which must ultimately be addressed:
• Decentralization or centralization?
• Trust between parties or a Third Party to ensure trust?
• Transparency of transactions or hidden and opaque transactions?
• A borderless world with less political influence or a bordered world with more political influence?
• Crowdfunding for new businesses or only venture capital, investment banks, and governments?
These are only a few of the ideas citizens, businesses, and government regulators will have to sort out. How do governments make decisions on new technology?
In general, governments have three options: support, oppose, or no position. The crypto economy desires support or neutral positions from governments. To accomplish this, most people in the crypto economy know they need to work with governments in various jurisdictions to enact smart regulation to help make the new economy thrive. Working with friendly jurisdictions to make the new crypto economy thrive also allows for the possibility of convincing governments that oppose it to change their policy.
So, decentralization or centralization? For centuries, financial transactions have required centralized banks or financiers—national banks, commercial banks, credit card issuers—to act as “trusted Third Parties” to facilitated transactions between two parties. Until blockchain technology arrived in 2008, no one had developed a sound and safe way to bypass the banks. With blockchain technology, individuals and businesses for the first time have the power to deal directly with each other. This sounds ideal, but there are important issues to work out, and I believe that sometimes involving a trusted Third Party is a good choice.
Trust between parties or requiring a Third Party to ensure trust? The crypto economy provides individuals and businesses the option to either deal directly with each other or to deal in the traditional “fiat” currency economy involving a Third Party. I believe the future of cryptocurrency acceptance will involve crypto being used for relatively small purchases and fiat currency being used for relatively large purposes. At this time, there is no good method of dispute resolution in the cryptocurrency markets. There is no crying in crypto. If a transition goes badly, there is no one to complain to. In which jurisdiction would you file a complaint? I believe in the near future those involved in large transactions will continue use the traditional economy, but this is still good news for crypto! Most of the routine transactions every day are small transactions that are perfect for cryptocurrencies.
Transparency of transactions or hidden or opaque transactions? Cryptocurrency transactions are transparent on a public ledger for the world to see. Each Bitcoin can only be used once. This is a radical departure from the fiat traditional economy, which uses the same dollar multiple times. The brilliant Ray Dalio of Bridgewater Associates described this in 2014 in “How the Economic Machine Works”:
Virtually all of what the Federal Reserve calls money is credit (i.e., promises to deliver money) rather than money itself. The total amount of debt in the US is about $50 trillion and the total amount of money (i.e., currency and reserves) in existence is about $3 trillion. So, if we were to use these numbers as a guide, the amount of promises to deliver money (i.e., debt) is roughly 15 times the amount of money there is to deliver.
As long as the gears of this economic machine are turning, the music is playing and there is no one scrambling for a seat in musical chairs. But if and when the music stops, there are fifty people fighting over three seats. This is what happens in economic crises. Because each Bitcoin can only be used once, this type of problem cannot happen.
A borderless world with less political influence or a bordered world with more political influence? I’m an idealist. I am very much drawn to the idea of a borderless world. Technology is borderless. Financial transactions in theory can be borderless. In the traditional fiat economy and in the crypto economy, assets can be sent anywhere at the click of a mouse. This is not the reality, however.
Governments sometimes get into disagreements and sanction one another and prohibit their citizens from doing business with one another. Businesses and individuals should absolutely respect the sanctions that their countries impose. A simple business principle? Respect and honor any regulator who can close you, litigate and fine you out of existence, or put you in prison.
Cryptocurrencies are a borderless world with less political influence. Algorithms don’t get into ego-driven damaging political contests with one another. Algorithms don’t get into trade wars, or exchange tariffs. Algorithms don’t have historic rivalries, military ambitions, or leaders in search of glory.
The borderless world and cryptocurrencies have great potential to democratize economic transactions and economic opportunity to the benefit of individuals all over the world.
Crowdfunding for new businesses or only venture capital, investment banks, and governments? Initial coin offerings, now more commonly called Token Generating Events (TGE), are simply crowdfunding. I believe that this democratization of business fundraising holds great promise, with smart regulation. Governments have a legitimate interest in stopping frauds. This is true in both the traditional economy and the crypto economy.
Regulations on TGEs vary greatly country by country. G20 countries with the largest economies are generally wary of upsetting the status quo. Their current economic policies have them in the G20! Many of the 180 countries NOT in the G20 are willing to experiment. The top twenty economies in the world hold 80 percent of the world’s wealth. The other 172 countries are less thrilled with the status quo and view the crypto economy differently. This is a frequent topic of conversation at the United Nations. The developing world views the crypto economy and blockchain technology as a potential way to improve the lives of their citizens through TGEs.
Crypto economy and blockchain leaders need to work with regulators to realize the potential of the technology. It’s important to understand that countries take their currencies seriously. Government planners in the United States, China, and the European Union are concerned about the potential of capital flight.
Economists in the G20 countries might have to make projections based on imperfect data if they can’t figure out how to track every transaction! The elephant in the room regarding governments is taxes. The crypto economy will need to work with governments regarding taxation as the markets mature. This cooperation will be a complicated culture clash, but I think it is necessary and will benefit all parties in the long term. Countries don’t want to push their best and brightest citizens, the businesses they will start, and the jobs they will create over borders.
The First Amendment of the United States Constitution empowered individual freedoms and helped remake the contract between citizens and governments over 200 years ago. I believe the crypto economy and blockchain technology can empower economic freedom for individuals and rewrite the way the globe does business.
Read on, and Aries Wanlin Wang will explain how.
—Kevin Barry, September 2018
Table of Contents- Crypto Economy- How Blockchain Cryptocurrency and Token-Economy Are Disrupting the Financial World
Foreword by Kevin Barry, CEO of Myntum Limited
Chapter 1: How Does Something like Bitcoin Happen?
Chapter 2: Blockchain Evolving—From 1.0 to 2.0
Chapter 3: Gold Rush—Today’s Mining Opportunity
Chapter 4: Vocean—Decentralizing Financial Services
Chapter 5: The Top of the Food Chain and the Birth of Crypto Exchanges
Chapter 6: The Secondary Market: Low-Lying Land
Chapter 7: Beyond Boundaries—Crypto Economics around the World
Chapter 8: Getting Along with Regulators
Chapter 9: Blockchain—Assets Protector
Chapter 10: The Future of Blockchain
Glossary of Terms
About the author
A social crypto entrepreneur and seasoned investor in the crypto, Aries Wang is always on a fast-paced upswing. Within a year of co-founding Bibox digital asset exchange, Wang has led the team to bring the exchange to a top-ten position on CoinMarketCap and the exchange now has become a staple of the crypto world. In ten months, Bibox reached a stable daily trading volume of 20 million to 40 million USD, with its delicate selection of tokens, the current valuation of the company is at an astounding 50 million USD.
Aries is an activist in connecting crypto to the real world in the realm of finance.
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